您当前所在位置:首页 >> 实验室快讯 >> 快讯2018年 >> 信息详情
全文搜索:
【PDF全文阅读】

        近日,国务院发布了国有资本划转全国社保的文件,郑秉文就此撰写文章做了评论,发表在英文版《中国日报》2017年12月5日第9版上,这里刊发全文:

 

Insurance reform to boost public welfare

 

The State Council, China's Cabinet, recently decided to transfer 10 percent equity shares of State-owned enterprises and financial institutions to the National Council for Social Security Fund. A pilot program for such transfers will be launched in some central SOEs by the end of this year, and gradually extended to other SOEs.

Under certain circumstances, the NCSSF could establish a pension fund management company to independently use the transferred assets. The council can receive only equities and earn dividends on them but cannot take part in the management of the SOEs or financial institutions concerned.

This is the third round of reform aimed at transferring SOEs' assets to the NCSSF since 2001, when the central government first decided to reduce its holdings in SOEs to raise funds for the NCSSF. The second round of reform was launched in 2009.

But the reform this time is bigger, because the first two rounds of share transfers related only to partial IPO shares or additional shares.

The central government has transferred the shares of SOEs and financial institutions to the NCSSF several times to narrow the widening gap between the social security fund and increasing financial pressure in recent years due to the aging population. For instance, in 2014, the nationwide premium for urban employees' basic pension insurance was 2.04 trillion yuan ($308.3 billion), whereas the old-age pension was 2.18 trillion yuan. In 2015, the annual overall premium increased to 2.3 trillion yuan, but the pension amount increased to 2.58 trillion yuan. And last year, the annual overall premium rose to 2.68 trillion yuan, but the pension amount soared to 3.19 trillion yuan.

In the past three years, the growth rates of national pension insurance premium were much lower than those of old-age pension, indicating an ever-increasing fiscal subsidy for pension.

Copyright(c)2012-2013 中国社会科学院社会保障实验室 All Rights Reserved.
本站浏览次数:915771